Regulation (EU) 2023/606 (the “ELTIF 2 Regulation”) amending Regulation (EU) 2015/760 of 29 April 2015 on European Long-Term Investment Funds (ELTIFs) was published in the Official Journal of the European Union on 20 March 2023. It will enter into force on 10 January 2024.
ELTIF 2.0 benefits
As a reminder, the ELTIFs, as introduced by European Regulation 2015/760, which came into force in December 2015, aimed to finance the real economy by channelling non-bank capital to long-term infrastructure projects and SMEs financing. ELTIFs are European Alternative Investment Funds (AIFs) managed by a European Alternative Investment Fund Manager (AIFM) with long-term ELTIF label.
Since their introduction in 2015, the take-up of these new long-term funds has not been as expected: 57 ELTIF funds were launched with a total of EUR 2.4 billion raised, domiciled in four countries only. In November 2021, the European Commission therefore proposed a new version of the ELTIF regulation, with broader marketing rules for retail investors and more flexible investment rules for managers, while adding investments that promote the Green Pact for Europe.
The amended regulation enables ELTIF-approved European AIFs to:
- Raise capital from professional clients but also from retail investors in the 27 Member States of the European Union by removing the threshold constraints of the first version of the regulation. Initially, the retail investor had to invest a minimum of EUR 10,000 in ELTIF without exceeding 10% of the overall portfolio of financial instruments in the ELTIF
- Invest in a wider range of eligible assets
Eligible assets under ELTIF 2.0
On the second point, eligible assets must now represent at least 55% of ELTIF’s net assets instead of 70%. Below are the new eligibility rules.
For eligible enterprises (equity or quasi-equity, debt instruments and loans)
- Financial fintechs are now eligible alongside financial companies
- The eligibility of unlisted companies is unchanged, but listed companies are now eligible when their market capitalisation is less than EUR 1.5 billion (500 million euros previously)
- Eligibility rules for thid-country companies are eased
- Green bonds are now eligible
- Simple, Transparent and Standardised (STS) securitisations are eligible under certain conditions
Concerning real assets
- Removal of the requirement of economic or social benefit
- Removal of the minimum investment threshold (previously, each asset had to have a minimum value of EUR 10 million)
- Virtually total eligibility of real assets excluding artwork, wine …
Regarding fund shares, UCITS and AIFs managed by European AIFMs are now eligible alongside ELTIF shares, European Venture Capital Fund shares (EuVECAs) and European Social Entrepreneurship Fund shares (EUSEFs).
New ELTIF investment rules
Investment policy and portfolio composition rules are also simplified. In addition to the reduction in the minimum share of assets eligible for investment mentioned above, ELTIF 2.0 brings the following changes:
Exposure to the same entity:
- For retail investors,
- Up to 20% of the assets can be invested in the same company, real asset or fund
- This cannot constitute more than 10% for the pool of non-eligible assets (i.e. assets eligible for UCITS in accordance with the assets referred to in Article 50(1) of UCITS Directive 2009/65/EC)
- There is no limit for professional investors
Concentration limit: the 25% threshold is raised to 30% for an underlying fund. This limit does not apply for professional investors or for master/feeder fund structures.
- An ELTIF can now be a feeder to another master ELTIF. Under the original ELTIF rules, a feeder fund could not itself be labelled as an ELTIF
- Fund-of-funds structure are feasible, with any type of European underlying fund, up to 100% of the assets, with a maximum of 20% exposure to the same fund as specified above. Until now, fund-of-funds schemes were only possible with an underlying ELTIF, EuVECA and EuSEF, within a limit of 20% of net assets and with a maximum of 10% exposure per fund
Lastly, concerning borrowing
- The 30% limit is raised to 50% of net assets for retail investors, and up to 100% for professional investors
- Conditions related to borrowing requirements are also more flexible. The allocation is no longer limited to eligible assets and, provided that the fund issues a reminder that the borrowing must be carried out in the same currency as the investments, exchange risk can be covered appropriately.
ELTIF2.0 technical standards – ESMA publication on 19 December 2023
On 19 December 2023, ESMA published the final report setting out the draft Regulatory Technical Standards (RTS). The text specifies, in particular the liquidity conditions that ELTIF-labelled funds must meet when they can be sold to retail investors.
Specifically, ESMA clarifies
- The maximum redemption frequency: quarterly in principle. However the ELTIF manager can choose a higher frequency if they are able to justify the consistency of the NAV with the valuation of the fund’s assets to the relevant National Competent Authority (NCA)
- The minimum holding period: the manager can choose the holding period that is best adjusted to the product on the basis of criteria defined in the RTS. He has to justify his choice to the NCA by taking into account the nature of the investments, the investment strategy of the fund, the type of investors, the composition and diversification of the assets, their valuation or liquidity profile of the underlying assets
- Liquidity management mechanisms: in addition to the notice period, ESMA proposes the introduction of gates and another liquidity management tool. The manager can, however, deviate from it if he can justify his choices in terms of tools, calibration or activation conditions
- The notice period: normally set at 12 months, but again a shorter notice period is possible. ESMA has published a table that provides, depending on the notice period chosen by the manager, both the minimum percentage of liquid assets that the fund must have and the maximum percentage of liquid assets that can be sold at each NAV.
The European Commission now has three months until 19/03/2024 to adopt, amend or reject these draft RTS. The Commission may extend this period by one month. Should the Commission change or reject them, they would have to explain their position to ESMA, which would then have six weeks to review these level 2 measures. At the end, if the Commission is not satisfied with the new version, it may again reject them or decide to validate its own amendments. To be followed …
 Small and Medium Enterprises
 Including 14 funds labelled in France, mostly in the form of specialised professional funds ((Fonds Professionnels Spécialisés or FPS)